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11 Historical Discoveries That Support the Bible

Ever wondered if the Bible’s stories actually happened? Archaeology keeps finding clues. Whichever you believe, archaeological digs keep unearthing amazing details from its world. These finds don’t guarantee the Bible’s truth, but they show the people, places, and events were real. Let’s explore 11 incredible discoveries that corroborate with the Bible.

The City of David

For centuries, people have linked Jerusalem’s City of David to King David’s reign. And archaeological digs there have indeed unearthed a treasure trove of history. 

Fortifications, water systems, and even a palace complex have been brought to light, giving us a glimpse into the bustling capital.

The Tel Dan Inscription

The Bible describes a divided Israel, with the northern kingdom centered around Samaria. For a time, there was limited archaeological evidence to support this concept. 

But in 1993, the Tel Dan Inscription surfaced, mentioning a victory by an Aramean king over a king of “the House of David.” This inscription, dating back to the 9th century BC, provided crucial confirmation of the divided monarchy.

The Caiaphas Ossuary

The Gospels portray Caiaphas, the high priest, as a key figure who plotted against Jesus. While the 1st-century historian Josephus mentioned him, there was no concrete evidence of his existence. 

Then, in 1990, construction workers unearthed an ossuary inscribed with the name “Joseph Caiaphas.” While the authenticity is debated, the discovery offers a link to a pivotal figure.

The Erastus Inscription

In his letter to the Romans, the apostle Paul mentions Erastus, the city treasurer of Corinth. This brief mention hints at the early spread of Christianity, even reaching prominent figures. 

In 1926, archaeologists discovered a piece of paving with an inscription dedicated by Erastus, confirming Paul’s words.

The Lost City of Sodom and Gomorrah

For centuries, the story of Sodom and Gomorrah, two wicked cities destroyed by God, has sparked people’s imaginations. 

Archaeologists believe they may have found the remains in Tel el-Hammam, a Bronze Age city that met a fiery end around 1650 BC. While the exact cause is unknown, Tel el-Hammam’s destruction aligns with the biblical story.

Pontius Pilate

The Gospels portray Pontius Pilate, the Judean governor who reluctantly approved Jesus’ crucifixion, as unconfirmed by history for a long time. 

But in 1961, a piece of inscription mentioning “Pontius Pilate Prefect of Judea” surfaced in Israel. This inscription cemented Pilate’s place in history, supporting the biblical narrative.

The Assyrian God Carvings

In 2020, archaeologists uncovered impressive rock carvings in northern Iraq. These fifteen-foot-tall reliefs depict an Assyrian king flanked by seven Assyrian gods. 

The Assyrian Empire, known for its military might, frequently appears in the Old Testament. These carvings not only showcase Assyrian art but also remind us of the complex political landscape.

Hittite Power

The Hittites are a recurring presence in the Old Testament, depicted as a powerful force. Genesis tells us they lived in Canaan, and the First Book of Kings describes trade between King Solomon and the Hittites. 

For a long time, they were considered mythical. But in 1876, inscriptions hinting at a forgotten empire emerged in Turkey.

The Dead Sea Scrolls

In 1946, a lucky find by Bedouin shepherds in the Qumran Caves by the Dead Sea revolutionized our perspective on the Bible. 

They stumbled upon a hidden collection of ancient scrolls, containing biblical texts, commentaries, and even unknown religious writings. These scrolls predated known Hebrew Bible copies by over a thousand years.

The Cyrus Cylinder

The Cyrus Cylinder, a clay cylinder unearthed in Babylon in 1879, sheds light on King Cyrus II of Persia’s reign in the 6th century BC. This inscription details Cyrus’ conquest of Babylon and his policies towards conquered peoples, including allowing them to return to their homelands and rebuild their temples. 

This aligns with the biblical account in Ezra 1, where King Cyrus permits the exiled Jews to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple. While the Cyrus Cylinder doesn’t mention the Jews specifically, it demonstrates Cyrus’ policy of religious tolerance within his vast empire.

The Nazareth Inscription

A marble slab discovered in 1878 bears a Greek inscription that translates to a decree by Caesar, possibly Claudius, forbidding the removal of bodies from tombs. 

Some interpret this as a response to Jesus’ resurrection, but the connection is debatable. The inscription likely originated far from Nazareth and may have been a general rule.

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